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IEEE JSTSP Article

Image restoration is a critical component of image processing pipelines and for low-level computer vision tasks. Conventional image restoration approaches are mostly based on hand-crafted image priors. The inter-channel correlation of color images is not fully exploited. Motivated by the special characteristics of the inter-channel correlation (higher correlation for red/green and green/blue channels than for red/blue) in color images and general characteristics (green channel always shows the best image quality among the three color components) of distorted color images, in this paper, a three-stage convolutional neural network (CNN) structure is proposed for color image restoration tasks.

The papers in this special issue focus on deep learning for image/video restoration and compression. The huge success of deep-learning–based approaches in computer vision has inspired research in learned solutions to classic image/video processing problems, such as denoising, deblurring, dehazing, deraining, super-resolution (SR), and compression. Hence, learning-based methods have emerged as a promising nonlinear signal-processing framework for image/ video restoration and compression.

The papers in this special issue focus on deep learning for image/video restoration and compression. The huge success of deep-learning–based approaches in computer vision has inspired research in learned solutions to classic image/video processing problems, such as denoising, deblurring, dehazing, deraining, super-resolution (SR), and compression. Hence, learning-based methods have emerged as a promising nonlinear signal-processing framework for image/ video restoration and compression.

Dynamic range limitations in signal processing often lead to clipping, or saturation, in signals. The task of audio declipping is estimating the original audio signal, given its clipped measurements, and has attracted much interest in recent years. Audio declipping algorithms often make assumptions about the underlying signal, such as sparsity or low-rankness, and about the measurement system.

The papers from this special section focus on the restoration of udio content, in particular speech and music from degraded observations. This is a challenging and long-standing problem in audio processing. In particular this holds for severe degradations and incomplete observations, which are regularly encountered in practice. The papers in this section have been organized to gather contributions that would serve both as a comprehensive primer on the stateof- the-art, and a showcase of current developments within the field.

In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), several images can be obtained using different imaging settings (e.g. T1, T2, DWI, and Flair). These images have similar anatomical structures but are with different contrasts, which provide a wealth of information for diagnosis.

Recently, deep neural network (DNN) based methods for low-dose CT have been investigated to achieve excellent performance in both image quality and computational speed. However, almost all methods using DNNs for low-dose CT require clean ground truth data with full radiation dose to train the DNNs. In this work, we attempt to train DNNs for low-dose CT reconstructions with reduced tube current by investigating unsupervised training of DNNs for denoising sensor measurements or sinograms without full-dose ground truth images.

Regularization by denoising (RED) is an image reconstruction framework that uses an image denoiser as a prior. Recent work has shown the state-of-the-art performance of RED with learned denoisers corresponding to pre-trained convolutional neural nets (CNNs). In this work, we propose to broaden the current denoiser-centric view of RED by considering priors corresponding to networks trained for more general artifact-removal.

One challenging aspect in face anti-spoofing (or presentation attack detection, PAD) refers to the difficulty of collecting enough and representative attack samples for an application-specific environment. In view of this, we tackle the problem of training a robust PAD model with limited data in an application-specific domain.

With the rapid progress in recent years, techniques that generate and manipulate multimedia content can now provide a very advanced level of realism. The boundary between real and synthetic media has become very thin. On the one hand, this opens the door to a series of exciting applications in different fields such as creative arts, advertising, film production, and video games. On the other hand, it poses enormous security threats. Software packages freely available on the web allow any individual, without special skills, to create very realistic fake images and videos. 

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