Linguistic Steganography: From Symbolic Space to Semantic Space

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Linguistic Steganography: From Symbolic Space to Semantic Space

By: 
Siyu Zhang; Zhongliang Yang; Jinshuai Yang; Yongfeng Huang

Previous works about linguistic steganography such as synonym substitution and sampling-based methods usually manipulate observed symbols explicitly to conceal secret information, which may give rise to security risks. In this letter, in order to preclude straightforward operation on observed symbols, we explored generation-based linguistic steganography in latent space by means of encoding secret messages in the selection of implicit attributes (semanteme) of natural language. We proposed a novel framework of linguistic semantic steganography based on rejection sampling strategy. Concretely, we utilized controllable text generation model for embedding and semantic classifier for extraction. In experiments, a model based on CTRL and BERT is implemented for further quantitative assessment. Results reveal that our approach is able to achieve satisfactory efficiency as well as nearly perfect imperceptibility. Our code is available at https://github.com/YangzlTHU/Linguistic-Steganography-and-Steganalysis/t....

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