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In this work, we analyze the convergence of constant modulus algorithm (CMA) in blindly recovering multiple signals to facilitate grant-free wireless access. The CMA typically solves a non-convex problem by utilizing stochastic gradient descent. The iterative convergence of CMA can be affected by additive channel noise and finite number of samples, which is a problem not fully investigated previously. We point out the strong similarity between CMA and the Wirtinger Flow (WF) algorithm originally proposed for Phase Retrieval. In light of the convergence proof of WF under limited data samples, we adopt the WF algorithm to implement CMA-based blind signal recovery. We generalize the convergence analysis of WF in the context of CMA-based blind signal recovery. Numerical simulation results also corroborate the analysis.
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